Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs located in Madina in Saudi Arabia. Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs is responsible for urban planning for cities in Saudi Arabia, and for provision of roads and basic equipment, improve and beautify the cities and the development of municipal and rural areas, in addition to it manage the necessary services to maintain a clean and health environment in the Kingdom. Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs was founded in 1395 and the minister of this ministry is Abdullatif bin Abdulmalik Al-Sheikh. The first organization of municipalities was appeared in the Kingdom within the basic instructions for the kingdom, which was issued by Royal Decree in 1345 H; Section 8 of this instruction specializes for municipal councils and committees and section 9 specializes for management committees of municipalities. In 1357 H was issued the municipality system of capital and municipalities , which is the first independent system for municipalities. This system has been canceled the provisions that regarding to the general municipal councils, that guaranteed by the basic instructions also has been canceled the previous municipal department system. When the Interior Ministry was created, it has become a reference for all municipalities. In 1382, as a result of the growth of municipal services that provided to citizens. Council of Ministers was issued a decision in 1382, agreeing to develop and upgrade the municipalities management level by the establishment of the Agency for municipalities affairs linked to the Ministry of Interior, to oversee all municipal affairs and the development of their resources and carry out the responsibilities of the planning for the development of municipal services in Saudi Arabia, and was issued in 1384 the royal decree to appointment of the first agent of this agency then issued the Royal Decree in 1395 by making supervisory level to the Agency at the level of Deputy Interior Minister for municipal Affairs. In 1395 was established the Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs.
In 1397 the Supreme Committee for administrative reform was issued a decision with adopt and organize the new ministry and establishment of directorate of areas.