Ministry of Foreign Affairs has branches in Saudi Arabia, including a branch in Madina. Ministry of Foreign Affairs responsible for handling the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's external relations. The ministry oversees "political, cultural and financial international relations" and monitors the Kingdom's diplomatic relations. Ministry of Foreign Affairs aims to develop and implement foreign policy in accordance with the Kingdom's principles, to protect and promote the national interests, support citizens, contribute to maintaining security, stability and prosperity in the region and in the world through qualified and competent staff.
In 1926, King Abdulaziz established General Directory for the Foreign Affairs. In 1930, a royal decree was issued to change its name to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in addition to the appointment of his Royal Highness Prince Faisal Bin Abdulaziz as a Minister of Foreign Affairs. It was the first ministry that was announced in the government in Saudi Arabia.
The total number of staff of Ministry of Foreign Affairs at that time did not exceed 15 persons. The number of foreign Consulates and missions had increased from nine to Twenty-Nine by 1951. Upon the establishment of the General Directorate of Foreign Affairs, there were no diplomatic missions abroad. In 1936, the number of Saudi Diplomatic Missions Abroad increased to five (Three missions in London, Baghdad, and Cairo in addition to Two Consulates in Switzerland and Damascus). In 1951, the number of diplomatic missions increased to 18 in 16 countries. there were no diplomatic missions abroad until the year 1348 where it was opened its first embassy in Cairo.
The diplomatic relations of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia expanded during the tenure of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz.
This was reflected in the increase in the number of Saudi Embassies and Missions abroad. At the same time, the number of foreign missions and embassies increased in the Kingdom. The total number of embassies reached 77 with 13 Consulates, 3 resident delegations, and commercial offices.
The number of Foreign missions reached 157, 98 embassies in Riyadh, and 59 Consulates in Riyadh, Jeddah, and Dhahran.
The current minister of Ministry of Foreign Affairs is Adel Al-Jubeir.